IELTS 11 Writing Model Essay (Free sample)
Test 1 Task 1 Question
The chart below shows the percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Test 1 Task 1 Model Essay by an Expert
The pie charts compare water usage in six areas of the world, displaying the proportion of water in each area used for industry, agriculture and domesticity.
Of the areas displayed, Europe and North America are strikingly atypical in the proportion of water expended for industrial use. Each continent uses around half its water for industry, compared to a range of just 5% to 12% in the other areas.
In the remaining areas, agricultural use makes up the highest proportion of total water usage. In Central Asia, agriculture accounts for 88% of water usage. In Africa, South East Asia and South America, it accounts for 84%, 81% and 71% respectively. This is roughly double the percentage of water used for agriculture in North America (39%) and Europe (32%).
In all six areas, a relatively small proportion of water is used for domestic purposes, ranging from 7% to 19% of total use. In half of the areas, it is the smallest of the three categories of water usage. In the remaining areas – South America, Central Asia and Africa – it is the second smallest usage, and only marginally larger than the smallest.
To sum up, in most areas, agriculture constitutes by far the highest proportion of water use. Industrial use constitutes the highest percentage in Europe and North America, and in all countries, domestic use makes up a relatively small proportion of total water use.