IELTS 3 Writing Model Essay (Free sample)

Test 4 Task 1 Question

The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan between March 1993 and March 1999.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

You should write at least 150 words.

Test 4 Task 1 Model Essay by an Expert

The graph shows the percentages of US and Japanese people out of work over a six year period. As a general overview we can see that although unemployment was much higher in the USA at the start of the period, these unemployment rates of these countries have become equal in more recent years.

While in 1992 the American unemployment rate was 4.5% higher than the Japanese, in the spring of 1998 the Japanese and American unemployment rates became equal at just over five percent. There is an inverse correlation between the changes in the unemployment rates between the two countries. For instance, between 1993 and 1994 the US rate dropped by an entire percentage point while the Japanese rate increased by approximately the same amount. This is also true in March 1996, where a spike in Japanese unemployment occurred during the period of steady decline in US rates. However, this does not remain the case after late 1996. As US unemployment became stable and remained around five percent of the work force in the years 1997-99, in the same period Japanese rates grew by over a half-percent. Late 1996 is the only period that shows a significant drop in both American and Japanese unemployment rates.

(205 words)

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