IELTS 4 Writing Model Essay (Free sample)
Test 2 Task 1 Question
The graph below shows the demand for electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Test 2 Task 1 Model Essay by an Expert
The graph compares electricity usage throughout the day in winter and summer in England. It shows that throughout the whole day, there is a higher demand for electricity in winter than in summer, by around 20,000 units at the point at which the difference is largest at around 5pm. In summer and winter, the daily demand for electricity follows a similar trajectory, with a trough at around 9am, and peaks at about 2pm and 10pm. However, in winter there is a pronounced peak at 3am, and summer usage shows a trough at about 4pm.
The patterns of winter and summer daily demands are consistent with the pie chart showing the usage of electricity in the average English home. Central heating and hot water provision make up the majority of electricity usage, potentially explaining the peak in usage in the mornings and evenings during winter. Electricity usage for cooking and cleaning appliances, lighting and entertainment appliances, and miscellaneous appliances such as electric tools, are all roughly equal.