IELTS 9 Writing Model Essay (Free sample)
Test 4 Task 1 Question
The graph below shows the quantities of goods transported in the UK between 1974 and 2002 by four different modes of transport.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Test 4 Task 1 Model Essay by an Expert
The graph shows how much fuel was consumed in various forms from 1980, giving projections of continued usage up to 2030. As a general overview, we can see that consumption on the whole has risen, with petrol and oil consistently maintaining the lion’s share of the market.
The use of petrol and oil stood at 35 quadrillion units in 1980 and fluctuated slightly until 1995, from which time its use has been rising, sharply at first, and then more gradually. The use of these fossil fuels is expected to hit just over 45 quadrillion units in 2030. At the start of the eighties another fossil fuel – coal – was about half as popular as petrol and oil, and as time has progressed it has become more popular still, despite a leveling-off period of about a decade between 1995 and 2005, when coal consumption stabilized at just over 20 quadrillion units. Natural gas use fluctuated more wildly at the end of the twentieth century, although it seems to have peaked in 2000, where (at 23 quadrillion units) it briefly overtook coal as the second most popular energy resource. From 2015 onwards, the use of natural gas is expected to stay constant at just shy of 25 quadrillion units.
Renewable energy resources have been consistently less popular. In 1980, nuclear, solar/wind and hydro power each accounted for only 3 quadrillion units of energy consumed. Nuclear power became more popular in the nineties, however, and in the coming years it is likely to account for around 7 quadrillion units of energy consumption; in other words, it will provide about a third as much energy as natural gas. The use of solar and hydro power fluctuated until 2005, but now they are responsible for about 5 and 3 quadrillion units of energy consumption respectively.