IELTS  9  Writing Model Essay (Free sample)

Test 4 Task 2 Question

Write about the following topic:

Every year several languages die out. Some people think that this is not important because life will be easier if there are fewer languages in the world.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Test 4 Task 2 Model Essay by an Expert 

To an extent, we have to accept that over time, the face of the world shifts and changes, and language is an inevitable casualty in the constantly shifting landscape of the world’s cultures. However, I think that when there are enough people to maintain a language’s existence, efforts should be made to prevent the language dying out altogether.

Linguists and psychologists have long acknowledged that language is central to culture and identity. To many people, their language represents their home, their family and their cultural identity. This is particularly important for communities which feel that their cultural identity might be under threat from the homogenising force of globalisation. For example, many Maoris in New Zealand feel that it is vital for them to maintain their indigenous language, in order that their culture is not lost in the predominantly white European population in New Zealand today. As a result, national efforts are made in order to assuage the potentially devastating effects of colonialism on this central part of Maori identity. Whilst having fewer languages would certainly be convenient in some respects, it could have a detrimental impact on individuals belonging to oppressed cultures.

If we refuse to protect languages which are dying out, we have to accept that one day, humans could speak just a handful of languages, or even just one. It’s difficult to imagine a world in which humans cannot enjoy the rich variety of tongues Earth has to offer. Not only is learning a language an enthralling pastime, but it is also beneficial for the brain. Neurological studies have shown that learning a second language, particularly from an early age, has myriad benefits for a child’s mental development. Dramatically reducing the number of languages available to learn would therefore deprive young people of the valuable opportunity to learn and practise another language.

Of course it would be more convenient from a business perspective for there to be fewer languages. However, convenience isn’t the only thing to consider. For me, a sense of cultural identity and the thrill of learning a language are too high a price to pay.

(350 words)

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